Highly influential political work 'The Communist Manifesto'. was published in 1848. It was supposedly authored by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, yet the latter himself somewhat disputed this, saying; ' the basic thought... belongs solely and exclusively to Marx...Marx was a genius; we others were at best talented'. Published in London by a group of German refugees in 1848, its popularity spread to the extent that within a few years, the work had been translated into numerous European languages, most notably an English edition two years later. The manifesto itself, is divided into three sections, with a conclusion:
- Bourgeois and Prolaterians
details how the Proletarians will one day rise to power through creation of unions
'The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles'
- Proletarians and Communists
'Political power... is merely the organized power of one class for oppressing another'
- Socialist and Communist Literature
- Position of the Communists in Relation to the Various Existing Opposition Parties
'Let the ruling classes tremble at a Communistic revolution'